Author: Matthias Zepper (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
Bonn (map) is a city on the river Rhine in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, in Germany. It is about 25 km to the south of Cologne. Bonn covers 141.22 sq km (54.53 sq mi) and has a population of 325,000 (2011 estimate).
Guide to Bonn HotelsHere's a list of hotels in Bonn that you can book online, with full description, star rating, address, location map, evaluation, and prices as offered by different booking sites. This helps you to make your room booking with the site that offers the best price.
More on BonnBonn served as the capital of West Germany from 1949 until 1990. It remained the seat of government of united Germany from 1990 to 1999, when all government institutions relocated to Berlin, along with the Bundestag (lower house), Bundesrat (upper house), Chancellery and residence of the President of Germany.
Schloss Clemensruhe in Poppelsdorf, Bonn
Author: Tohma (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
Due to its former position as the federal capital, Bonn was become the German home of many international organisations and institutions, including various agencies of the United Nations. This function has not diminished, and with the opening of the United Nations Campus in Bonn, has continued to grow.
Bonn is also known within Germany as the residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne, and is noted in the classical music world as the birthplace of Ludwig van Beethoven. The city has a history going back to Roman times, when the Romans establikshed a small installation there. The modern name may have stemmed from the name of one of the settlements there, Bonna.
Münster St. Martin, the cathedral of Bonn
Author: Qualle (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
During the 1st century AD, the Romans built a fortress called Castra Bonnensis, or Fort Bonn. It became the largest fort of its type in the ancient world, covering 62 acres, and protecting a city with a dense grid of streets and buildings. The fort was in use until the final years of the Western Roman Empire, in the mid 5th century, but it continued to stand until the 13th century, when its material was reused to build Bonn's city walls.
Bonn was captured by French troops in 1794, and became part of the First French Empire until 1815, following the Napoleonic Wars, when it became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. After the Second World War, Bonn was occupied by British forces.
The choice of Bonn as the Federal Capital of Germany was made by Konrad Adenauer, who was the former mayor of Cologne and a native of the area. Although Frankfurt was better placed to be the capital, and would be a less expensive choice, Adenauer chose Bonn to indicate that it would not be a permanent capital.
Street in Muffendorf, Bonn
Author: BeeDotGee (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
When Germany was reunited in 1990, there was huge debate over whether the capital would remain in Bonn or return to Berlin. This was settled by a vote in the Bundestag, with 338 votes going for the relocation to Berlin, versus 220 for remaining in Bonn. Apparently the older legislators voted for Berlin while younger ones voted for Bonn. In the end, almost all the ministries of the Federal Republic moved to Berlin, except for Defence and Agriculture, whose top officials nonetheless are based in Berlin. Bonn was then given a new title, Bundesstadt, or Federal City.
Visiting Bonn, GermanyThe main airport serving Bonn is the Cologne-Bonn Airport (CGN). The airport is noted for its low cost, enabling fares to be much reduced compared to major airports in Europe. Arriving here, you ccan take the airport bus SB60 to reach Bonn's central bus station. It costs €6.70 for the ride.
Altes Rathaus (old town hall), Bonn
Author: Jan Arne Petersen (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 Generic)
Places of Interest in Bonn
Return to North Rhine-Westphalia
Planning a trip to Germany? Let me whet your appetite!
The official currency in Germany is the Euro (EUR). Here's latest exchange rates in the last 24-hours.
Lastly, let me line up a selection of books which you may want to read ahead of your trip. You can get them directly from Amazon.